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Optical Flow Measurement Based on Boolean Edge Detection and Hough Transform

Min-hyuk Chang/Il-jung Kim/Jong-an Park
International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems, vol. 1, no. 1, pp.119-126, 2003

Abstract : The problem of tracking moving objects in a video stream is discussed in this paper. We discussed the popular technique of optical flow for moving object detection. Optical flow finds the velocity vectors at each pixel in the entire video scene. However, optical flow based methods require complex computations and are sensitive to noise. In this paper, we proposed a new method based on the Hough transform and on voting accumulation for improving the accuracy and reducing the computation time. Further, we applied the Boo-lean based edge detector for edge detection. Edge detection and segmentation are used to extract the moving objects in the image sequences and reduce the computation time of the CHT. The Boolean based edge detector provides accurate and very thin edges. The difference of the two edge maps with thin edges gives better localization of moving objects. The simulation results show that the proposed method improves the accuracy of finding the optical flow vectors and more accurately extracts moving objects’ information. The process of edge detection and segmentation accurately find the location and areas of the real moving objects, and hence extracting moving information is very easy and accurate. The Combinatorial Hough Transform and voting accumulation based optical flow measures optical flow vectors accurately. The direction of moving objects is also accurately measured.

Keyword : Optical flow, Boolean based edge detection, Hough transform, voting accumulation

 
 
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