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Polar-Cartesian Hybrid Transforms: A Novel 2D Range Scan Registration Algorithm

Lei Zhang, Sung-In Choi, and Soon-Yong Park*
International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems, vol. 11, no. 5, pp.1001-1008, 2013

Abstract : Registration of range scans is commonly required in many localization and mapping algorithms. In this paper, we introduce a novel approach called Polar-Cartesian Hybrid Transforms for pair-wise registration of range scans. The proposed algorithm iteratively establishes correspondences by searching the points with closest polar angles in the polar coordinate frame. An angular look-up table is constructed based on the properties of the laser range finder to accelerate the searching procedure. In order to speed up the convergence, we compute the difference of polar range of every matched point pair to select the most contributing correspondences. After the correspondences are determined, the transformation is computed in Cartesian coordinate frame using a point-to-line metric. Combining the advantages of the polar and Cartesian coordinate frames, both robustness and efficiency are greatly improved compared with an up-to-date ICP algorithm.

Keyword : ICP, range finder, robot localization, scan registration, SLAM.

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