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Virtual Model Reduction-based Control Strategy of Planar Three-link Underactuated Manipulator with Middle Passive Joint

Zixin Huang, Xuzhi Lai*, Pan Zhang, Yawu Wang, and Min Wu
International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems, vol. 19, no. 1, pp.29-39, 2021

Abstract : This paper presents a position control strategy for a planar active-passive-active (APA) underactuated manipulator with second-order nonholonomic characteristics. According to the structural characteristics of the planar APA system, we divide the system into two parts: a planar virtual Pendubot (PVP) and a planar virtual Acrobot (PVA). For the PVP, we mainly fulfill the target angle of the first link, which is calculated through the geometry method, and make the system stable. In this stage, via keeping the states of the third link being zero, the system is reduced to the PVP. Meanwhile, we design an open-loop control law based on the nilpotent approximation (NA) model of the PVP to make the second link stable and the first link stabilize at its target angle. Then, the planar APA system is reduced to a PVA with all links’ angular velocities being zero. For the PVA, we mainly realize the other two links’ target angles obtained via the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm. Thus, the control objective of the planar APA system is achieved. Finally, above control strategy is verified by simulation results.

Keyword : Nilpotent approximation, planar underactuated manipulator, position control, PSO algorithm, secondorder nonholonomic characteristics.

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