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Time-optimal and Smooth Trajectory Planning for Robot Manipulators

Tie Zhang*, Meihui Zhang, and Yanbiao Zou
International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems, vol. 19, no. 1, pp.521-531, 2021

Abstract : This paper presents a practical time-optimal and smooth trajectory planning algorithm and then applies it to robot manipulators. The proposed algorithm uses the time-optimal theory based on the dynamics model to plan the robot’s motion trajectory, constructs the trajectory optimization model under the constraints of the geometric path and joint torque, and dynamically selects the optimal trajectory parameters during the solving process to prominently improve the robot’s motion speed. Moreover, the proposed algorithm utilizes the input shaping algorithm instead of the jerk constraint in the trajectory optimization model to achieve a smooth trajectory. The input shaping of trajectory parameters during postprocessing not only suppresses the residual vibration of the robot but also takes the signal delay caused by traditional input shaping into account. The combination of these algorithms makes the proposed time-optimal and smooth trajectory planning algorithm ensure absolute time optimality and achieve a smooth trajectory. The results of an experiment on a six-degree-of-freedom industrial robot indicate the validity of the proposed algorithm.

Keyword : Industrial robot, input shaping, time-optimal, trajectory planning, vibration control.

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